Dr. Kramer looked at Adam with a scowl. “This is serious, Adam



Dr. Kramer looked at Adam with a scowl. “This is serious, Adam


Dr. Kramer looked at Adam with a scowl. “This is serious, Adam.  You are a prime candidate for a
heart attack at age 48.  Your blood cholesterol level is 310 mg/dL, you have high blood pressure,
you’re overweight, and you don’t exercise.”  Adam left Dr. Kramer’s office feeling depressed, so
he went to see a movie at the Royal Theatre in Courtyard Square.  Although he was irritated by
the commercials that were run prior to the showing of the movie, he thought that the movie was
outstanding.  After the movie, Adam dined on sprouts and seaweed at a health food restaurant.
Not thrilled with the prospect of a continued health food diet of sprouts, seaweed, and sawdust,
Adam resolved to exercise more.  He hoped that exercise would result in his losing weight and
the lowering of both his blood pressure and blood cholesterol level.
The morning following his visit to Doctor Kramer, Adam had an intensive discussion with his wife,
Joanne, regarding his health and lack of exercise.  Joanne had joined the local “Sprint to Life”
fitness center the previous year with the expressed intent to “get in shape.”  Subsequent to her
joining Sprint to Life, Joanne had continually encouraged Adam to join her at the spa telling him
“since starting my workout program I feel great and I think the exercise would be good for your
health.”  Adam was steadfast in his refusal to join his wife at Sprint to Life telling her that her
“constant nagging about his health and exercise did nothing but cause an increase in his blood
pressure.”   However, following this latest discussion regarding Adam’s visit to Doctor Kramer,
Joanne asked Adam if he would at least accompany her to Sprint to Life that morning to watch
her exercise.  Adam agreed, saying “I’ll just drop you off and pick you up after your session is
Adam did just that.  He drove Joanne to Sprint to Life, dropped her off and returned to pick her
up.  Joanne was not waiting outside of Sprint to Life when Adam arrived to pick her up so Adam
parked his car and entered Sprint to Life to wait in the lobby until his wife was finished.  Adam
found a seat in the lobby where he could sit and wait.  While waiting for his wife, Adam suddenly
collapsed to the floor.
A Sprint to Life employee saw Adam collapse and rushed to his side.  He checked Adam for
breathing and a pulse.  Determining that Adam was not breathing, had no pulse and appeared to
be unconscious and unresponsive, the employee directed that Emergency Medical Service
(EMS) assistance be called.  The Sprint to Life employee then began administering
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).  The only medical aid that the employee was able to
administer was CPR since Sprint to Life did not have an automated external defibrillator (AED) on
the premises.  The employee continually administered CPR until two emergency medical
technicians (EMTs) arrived 12 minutes after being summoned.   After assessing the situation and
determining that Adam was still not breathing, had no pulse and was unconscious, one EMT
assumed the continued administration of CPR while the second EMT attached electrode pads
from an AED that was one item of the EMT’s emergency equipment.   Following proper
procedures, the EMT administered a first shock, then a second shock, and then a third shock, in
accordance with appropriate guidelines.  The EMT was unable to discern a pulse.  CPR was
resumed for one minute.  There still being no pulse, an additional set of three quick shocks was
administered. Again, no pulse was detected.  Adam was transported to the nearest emergency
trauma center.  While transporting Adam to the trauma center, the EMTs continued with CPR and
defibrillation in compliance with appropriate procedures.  Upon arrival at the trauma center,
Adam’s care was transferred to the on-duty physician.  Subsequent attempts to revive Adam
An autopsy performed following Adam’s death indicated that he did not die from a heart attack but
rather from sudden cardiac arrest (SCA).  According to medical experts, the only accepted
treatment to restore an effective heart rhythm in victims of sudden cardiac arrest is defibrillation
using an automatic external defibrillator (AED).  Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) alone is not
effective in treating SCA.

Adam’s wife, Joanne, is contemplating suing Sprint to Life for negligence.
On behalf of Sprint to Life, Mr. Eddie Chan has hired your firm to provide an analysis of the
situation.  Initially, Mr. Chan provided your firm with copies of letters exchanged between himself
and Robert Bruno.  In addition, Mr. Chan provided your firm with some data relating to age at
death and blood cholesterol levels.
After reviewing the information provided by Mr. Chan, a meeting was arranged by your firm to
discuss this matter further with Mr. Chan.  During that meeting Mr. Chan provided additional
information including the following: Sprint to Life Mission Statement and Corporate Vision; a
magazine article from the “Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports”; a newspaper article from the
“Hometown Tribune”; a copy of a Gould Court of Appeals Case (Fogel v. Get ‘N Go Markets); a
copy of Gould Health & Safety Code, §§ 204-205; and a copy of Gould Evidence Code, § 966.
Required Your firm has been hired by Sprint to Life to provide an analysis of the situation. Write a report
using the report writing guide from the course website.   Before beginning to write the report, what
issues must be addressed in the case?  Does your firm require additional information?  If so, what
is the additional information needed?

Your answer should include concepts 1, 4, and 5 from statistics, concepts 2 and 5 from business


write a brief introduction for the above story