Operationalization Process Research & Summaries



Operationalization Process Research & Summaries


Operationalization is the process by which researchers conducting quantitative research spell out precisely how a concept will be measured. It involves identifying the specific research procedures we will use to gather data about our concepts.

Hint: It is possible that for some of the concepts, the variable is the same as the concept. See the example I provided for the concept “Favorite Food” below.


See these examples of operationalization of concepts I have provided for you. Your instructions are on the next page.


Concept Variable Indicator
1. Favorite Food Favorite Food “What is your favorite food?”
2. Binge Drinking Frequency of Heavy Drinking “How often within the past two weeks did you consume five or more drinks containing alcohol in a row?”
3. Self-Compassion Level of Self-Compassion For each item below, indicate how often you behave in the stated manner, using the following 1-5 scale: 1 is “almost never” and 5 is “almost always”


1. I’m disapproving and judgmental about my own flaws

2. I try to be loving towards myself when I’m feeling emotional pain

3. When something upsets me, I try to keep my emotions in balance

4. Height Height Researcher will measure participants’ height in feet and inches using a measuring tape

Instructions: Operationalize the following concepts by identifying the variables and indicators used to measure them.

Concept Variable Indicator
1. Marital Status
2. Health
3. Intelligence
4. Body Weight
5. Racism