DeVry ENGL 135 Global Food Security During the COVID 19 Pandemic

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DeVry ENGL 135 Global Food Security During the COVID 19 Pandemic

 

The topic is food shortage

 

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An Annotated Bibliography on Global Food Security During the COVID-19 Pandemic

 

On 11 March 2020, the World Health Organization officially declared the outbreak of the novel coronavirus as a pandemic. After that announcement was made, governments around the world implemented lockdowns in a bid to curtail the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. These lockdowns had negative effects on several sectors of the economy, most notably commerce, healthcare, and agriculture. The health crisis created by COVID-19 pandemic also posed a serious threat to global food security. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) stated that the COVID-19 pandemic posed a serious threat to the food security of billions of people around the world (Mouloudj et al., 2020). Movement restrictions caused by lockdowns affected food availability worldwide, as agriculture supply chains were forced to reduce food supply frequencies. This created a food scarcity that led to increased demand worldwide. In addition, reduced income-earning opportunities for many of the world’s population also led to lower purchasing power, and thus less access to food.

 

Lugo-Morin, Global food security in a pandemic: The case of the new coronavirus (COVID-19)?

The study explores the implication that the pandemic made in the context of food production. Due to the propagation of the COVID-19 pandemic, United States went into economic disruption. Before the disease spread, the country had an efficient food supply chain, however, after months of the declaration of lockdown, the demand for goods became inadequate. Schools, factories, facilities, companies, trade, and transportation all shut down, resulting in a high-volume unemployment rate.

As the United States has an abundant population, citizens found it difficult to adjust, especially because the transition of food distribution became slow. The government aware that in times of crisis, small producers, as well as the shipment of local foods, should be priorities knowing that these are important human needs. Lack of access to food increases the risk of poor health and malnutrition. According to the research, the pandemic affects the structure of small scales agriculture that interrupts the production, market processes, mobility, and social network.

 

Udmale et al., Global food security in the context of COVID-19

In this study, Udmale et al. (2020) identify the major factors that contribute to the balance in global food supply. They also discuss the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on global food supply and its effects on food security. In particular the study takes a look at a number of developing countries from Africa and Latin America and demonstrates how they are most vulnerable to changes in food supply.

The study highlights the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on food security and demonstrates why this is likely to be a lasting issue even after the pandemic is over. It shows how factors such as economic recessions and poverty levels contribute to increased food insecurity.

 

Mardones et al., The COVID-19 Pandemic and Global Food Security

Mardones et al. (2020) This study takes a look at global Food security from an environmental perspective it discusses in detail how environmental changes such as floods, wildfires, increasing sea levels etc. have recently led to major food crisis. In particular the study looks at the impact on the majority of the world’s population and how the restrictions on international travel have created food supply chain challenges.

The study also identifies two economic variables affecting agriculture and food security and general these are the supply and the demand for food it also provide specific examples of how food supply and demand creates a risk for food security it also demonstrates example of how they covid-19 pandemic would impact global Food security in the short medium and long-term based on independent literature searches finally the study demonstrates how they covid-19 pandemic provides an opportunity to adopt an environmentally friendly approach to food production that will boost food security after the pandemic.

 

Laborde et al., COVID-19 risks to global food security

Laborde et al.(2020) examine the impact of the government in pandemic on food security from and export perspective. it discusses how export restrictions imposed by some countries in a bid to reduce the spread of coal with 19 have equally disrupted trade flows and the supply of staple foods such as cereals in detail this study shows how the pandemic has affected four pillars of food security namely availability access utilization and stability the study shows how the government in pandemic has not only severely impacted access to food but also created disruptions to food availability and changes in consumer demand as affordability forces consumers to opt for cheaper and less healthy food options it also discusses price instability and how the convenient in pandemic is a serious threat to agriculture the study then proposes recommendations on the improvement of food security from the export perspective.

 

 

References

Laborde, D., Martin, W., Swinnen, J., & Vos, R. (2020). COVID-19 risks to global food security. Science369(6503), 500-502.

Lugo-Morin, D. R. (2020). Global Food Security in a Pandemic: The Case of the New Coronavirus (COVID-19). World1(2), 171-190.

Mardones, F. O., Rich, K. M., Boden, L. A., Moreno-Switt, A. I., Caipo, M. L., Zimin-Veselkoff, N., … & Baltenweck, I. (2020). The COVID-19 pandemic and global food security. Frontiers in Veterinary Science7, 928.

Mouloudj, K., Bouarar, A. C., & Fechit, H. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on food security. Les cahiers du CREAD36(3), 159-184.

Udmale, P., Pal, I., Szabo, S., Pramanik, M., & Large, A. (2020). Global food security in the context of COVID-19: A scenario-based exploratory analysis. Progress in Disaster Science7, 100120.