GED 260 Unit 4 Examination Answers
1) Early definitions of white-collar crime focused on the
- A) the work environment.
- B) nature of the crime.
- C) the violator involved.
- D) All of the above
2) According to Braithwaite, the central explanatory variable in all criminalactivity is
- A) self-control.
- B) learning.
- C) inequality.
- D) social class.
3) Which of the following is not an example of a structural reform to addresswhite-collar crime?
- A) Changing the process by which corporations are chartered to include controlover white collar crime
- B) Increasing the funding for enforcement agencies that deal with white-collarcrime.
- C) Adding members of the public to corporate boards of directors
- D) Enhancing the flow of information among businesses, the public, and administrative bodies
4) Prohibition was repealed by passage of the __________ Amendment to theU.S. Constitution.
- A) Twenty-first
- B) Eighteenth
- C) Twenty-fourth
- D) Tenth
5) The St. Valentine’s Day massacre established Al Capone as the undisputedruler of organized crime in
- A) Boston.
- B) New York.
- C) the United States.
- D) Chicago.
6) In 1951, the Senate-sponsored __________ Committee reported the existence of a nationwide crime syndicate operating in many large American cities.
- A) Wickersham
- B) Kerner
- C) Hobbs
- D) Kefauver
7) Of the 24 crime families of Sicilian-American heritage that operate in theU.S. today, __________ operate out of New York.
- A) five
- B) seven
- C) ten
- D) three
8) The strict unwritten code of conduct of organized crime, which demands silence and loyalty, is known as the
- A) RICO.
- B) Cosa Nostra.
- C) tong.
- D) omerta.
9) The single most important piece of federal legislation that specifically targetsorganized crime activities is
- A) the Hobbs Act
- B) Omerta.
- C) the United States Code.
- D) RICO.
10) __________ is a relatively mild, nonaddictive drug with limited hallucinogenic
- A) Librium
- B) Marijuana
- C) Opium
- D) PCP
11) __________ are sometimes known as “gateway drugs” because they ofteninitiate young people into illicit drug use.
- A) Hallucinogens
- B) Inhalants
- C) Marijuana and other forms of cannabis
- D) Designer drugs
12) The __________ placed the distribution of a number of essential chemicalsused in the production of illicit drugs under federal control.
- A) Anti-Drug Abuse Act
- B) Chemical Diversion and Trafficking Act
- C) Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act
- D) Harrison Act
13) The majority of the cocaine entering the United States is smuggled in using
- A) private airplanes.
- B) commercial airplanes.
- C) maritime vessels.
- D) overland transportation.
14) Which of the following countries is not located in the Golden Triangle area?
- A) Thailand
- B) Burma
- C) Laos
- D) Turkey
15) The sale of heroin to anyone under age 18 was made a capital offense by the__________ Act.
- A) Harrison
- B) Boggs
- C) Controlled Substances
- D) Narcotic Control
16) __________ involves purchasing one licensed copy of a piece of software and loading it onto multiple computers.
- A) Internet piracy
- B) Renting
- C) Softlifting
- D) Hard disk loading
17) __________ involves using official-looking e-mail messages to steal valuable information.
- A) Cloning
- B) Phishing
- C) Softlifting
- D) Phreaking
18) The __________ Act is part of the 2002 Homeland Security Act.
- A) No Electronic Theft
- B) Communications Decency
- C) Cyber Security Enhancement
- D) Computer Fraud and Abuse
19) __________ attempt to duplicate the decision-making processes used by skilled investigators in evidence analysis.
- A) Expert systems
- B) Audit trails
- C) TEMPEST
- D) DNA systems
20) The Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection Directorate operates within the
- A) Department of Homeland Security.
- B) Federal Bureau of Investigation.
- C) National Infrastructure Protection Center.
- D) Department of Justice.
21) Which of the following is an element of human smuggling?
- A) The person being smuggled does not have to cross an international border.
- B) The person being smuggled is generally cooperating.
- C) The person being smuggled is coerced.
- D) The person being smuggled is exploited or forced to perform some type oflabor.
22) GovNet is
- A) the United States’ primary infrastructure.
- B) a new form of cyberterrorism.
- C) a private government network with no connectivity with commercial or public networks.
- D) none of the above.
23) According to the CIA, the end goal of al-Qaeda is
- A) to commit bioterrorism.
- B) to use LME on American aircraft.
- C) to use WMDs.
- D) to commit domestic terrorism.
24) Which of the following is not one of the five directorates of the Department ofHomeland Security?
- A) Office of Private Sector Liaison
- B) Science and Technology
- C) Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection
- D) Border and Transportation Security
25) The most active state sponsor of terrorism in the world is
- A) Iran.
- B) North Korea.
- C) Cuba.
- D) Iraq.