Which planning model do you think best rep-resents the events described in this case the rational planning model or logical instrumentalism?


Planning is a formal way to strategize on a winning platform and counter challenges that might exist along the process. It involves innovation incorporation which needs not to be limited to organization skills set. Experienced planners provide a platform for knowledge and skillful approach. There are different concepts in planning and the case the events best represented the thoughtful planning.   In rational planning model steps are used in planning for an action as it started with alerting of party members then shifted to goals stipulated and set. In goals planning the problem had to be discussed effectively understand the challenge that exists. From the challenges identification goals will be built around to strengthen operations. Among members chosen through the discussions, plans will be formulated based on the policies based on winning wars as according to Washington values. In comparative analysis wars that had taken place will be checked and the report is made available to the board members to come up with a comprehensive strategy and avoid past mistakes while incorporating best ideas (Pojani & Stead, 2016).


During my teaching career to prepare students to perform the best during exams it took the meticulous approach from assistance with a rational planning model to come up with the winning strategy. Identification of the weak points was the primary goal then strengthening on what they know best through quizzes.  Once a problem is identified to the challenges in student failing, the next process involves assessment of study mode and finally implementation and monitoring of the best policy to ensure massive success.


Governmental planning takes many diverse forms. A very partial list of large-scale governmental planning activities would have to include at least the following: planning for the conservation and use of natural resources, city planning, planning for full employment, planning for personal and family security, planning for agriculture, and planning for the improvement of government organization. What lessons do you see in this case that might be relevant to these other planning activities?


Security is important for each and every state. The government has partnered with diverse member countries to be able to ensure it has strengthened its resolve to provide security to its citizens globally as they go around doing their business. It takes a lot of risk and good planning strategies to accomplish such a cumbersome task. A parent who sees a future with their children are expected to be guaranteed security to their places of learning. Family security also involves cushioning families from related healthcare spiral costs. Government resources will be used to provide a subsidy to the medical department to ensure quality healthcare is guaranteed to each citizen.  The government takes into account measures to provide a habitable environment to its citizens. Policies created to make sure that the best plans have been analyzed based on pasts experiences and strategies that failed but they learn from such experiences (Mullan, Kingsmill, Agrawala & Matus Kramer, 2015).


While using the model for rational planning, it best amplifies use of resources in the government effectively to be able to make a positive impact. Resources are limited but if they are used wisely can be enough and have a lasting effect on the citizens. Identified challenges will be analyzed by a team of experts in the government, and they will come up with the best policies to share resources in different sectors that promote equality and effectiveness. While resources will be used efficiently due to the best planning procedure formulated by the government, it will result to freeing cash to spur economic development thereby creating employment through contracts awarded by the state and loans to small and medium enterprises to employ citizens (Roberts, Sykes, & Granger, 2016).


Ricks concludes that the surge, although successful on the tactical level, faltered on the strategic one. What do you think he means? Does Petraeus’ group bear any responsibility?

Ricks appreciates the model of the planning tactically that has been implemented as there is notable success with positive significance, but he acknowledges challenges that led to poor results which were influenced by aspects of strategies. Tactical level of planning ensures short term goals are achieved in fulfilling organizations missions while strategic goals long term goals were never realized or missed to some certain extent (Hosseini  & Rahmani, 2014). Tactical goals include flexibility approach in organization operations, constant communication and seamless movement of service and delivery of goods while strategic goals include resource utilization and leading employees achieve a common purpose in an organization in the long run (Cohen, 2014).


To be able to ensure that both tactical and strategic goals are achieved it is well advised for the management to be able to have a system in place for the management aspects. The organization should constitute a panel of each and every department to contribute their expectations and challenges to be factored as setting up for the strategy in the organization so as to be inclusive. Commitment must commence at the top of the organization to be able to inspire and motivate fellow junior employees to strive for sterling performances. The working environment needs to be familiar with the business model chosen (Evans, 2016).


Petraeus’ group is a financial service company that deals in consultancy services. Company resources need to be managed by professionals to achieve maximum return on investment. Petraeus’ group bears no responsibility for the failure in implementation of any service rather the organization management who were poor in articulating their needs to the employees.








Cohen, A. D. (2014). Strategies in learning and using a second language. Routledge.


Hosseini, M. H., & Rahmani, N. (2014). Assessment of Strategic Tools Performance Designed by the Industry in Uncertainty Conditions (Case Study: Iranian Industries in Terms of Economic Sanctions).


Mullan, M., Kingsmill, N., Agrawala, S., & Matus Kramer, A. (2015). National adaptation planning: lessons from OECD countries. Handbook of Climate Change Adaptation, 1165-1182.


Pojani, D., & Stead, D. (2016). Post-rational planning and the shifting role of planning imagery. Journal of Urban Design, 21(3), 353-385.


Roberts, P., Sykes, H., & Granger, R. (Eds.). (2016). Urban regeneration. Sage.


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