# ACC 557 Homework Week 2 – Chapter 19 Problem 1

ACC 557 Homework Week 2 – Chapter 19 Problem 1

Problem 1:

California Surplus Inc. qualifies to use the installment-sales method for tax purposes and sold an investment on an installment basis. The total gain of \$75000 was reported for financial reporting purposes in the period of sale. The installment period is 3 years; one-third of the sale price is collected in 2014 and the rest in 2015 and 2016. The tax rate was 35% in 2014, 30% in 2015, and 30% in 2016. The enacted tax rates of 2015 and 2016 are not known until 2015.  The accounting and tax data are shown below.

Financial Accounting  Tax Return

2014 (35% tax rate)

Income before temporary difference              \$                 175,000   \$             175,000

Temporary difference             \$                   75,000   \$               25,000

Income                        \$                 250,000   \$             200,000

2015 (30% tax rate)

Income before temporary difference              \$                 200,000   \$             200,000

Temporary difference             \$                          –     \$               25,000

Income                        \$                 200,000   \$             225,000

2016 (30% tax rate)

Income before temporary difference              \$                 180,000   \$             180,000

Temporary difference             \$                          –     \$               25,000

Income                        \$                 180,000   \$             205,000

Required:

1)         Prepare the journal entries to record the income tax expense, deferred income taxes, and the income taxes payable for 2014, 2015, and 2016. No deferred income taxes existed at the beginning of 2012.

2)         Explain how the deferred taxes will appear on the balance sheet at the end of each year. (Assume Installment Accounts Receivable is classified as a current asset.)

3)         Show the income tax expense section of the income statement for each year, beginning with “Income before income taxes.”

Problem 2:

Trenton Co. incurred a net operating loss of \$850,000 in 2014. Combined income of 2012 and 2013 was \$650,000. The tax rate for all years is 30%. Trenton elects the carry back option.

Required:

1. Prepare the journal entries to record the benefit of loss carry back and loss carry forward option.

1. Assuming that it is more likely than not that the entire net operating loss carry forward will not be realized in future years,prepare all the journal entries necessary at the end of 2014.

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