Environmental Health from a Historical Perspective
How Health And Environment Are Related To Each Other
Human beings remain constant mainstay of interaction with the nearby surrounding or environment, as health of human beings resolute in considerable manner based on the type as well as quality of environment, where we live. In this manner, we could rightly say that both health and environment have close association with each other. Environment has the key role to determine our good health and wellbeing, where we perform our daily activities and tasks. Repercussions related to our mental and physical health may affect based on the presence of various chemical, physical and biological factors present in the environment, which in turn brings significant alteration in the outcomes of mental and physical health. Large numbers of factors, including social, psychological and environmental factors tend to bring critical influence on good health and well being of human beings, along with the life quality they lead (Carson, 2002).
However, you may notice positive influence in environment from various types of entertainment areas, along with the green belt. It is obviously difficult to evaluate and assess the extent, severity and causes of various environment related pollutants resulting in manifestation of various health problems, among which spreading of diseases related to environment are of highly prominent. Prevalence of such types of diseases are considered as major threat to public health. Major reason for this is that industries are consistently revolutionizing at consistently increasing pace with poor practices related to sanitization, contributed majorly by large numbers of overcrowded urban areas (Hartig, Mitchell, De Vries, & Frumkin, 2014).
Outlining Of Problems
Individuals may notice from large numbers of evidences that environment poses adversity towards health of human beings. On the other side, health care of human beings may directly lead to create significant effect on the environment. Hence, with a particular time span, traditional difference between the usage of any clinical medicine and protection of environment is decreasing largely. This type of alteration has also lead to the requirement for bioethical insights about every type of interaction level took place in between the human health and the environment. Usage of many chemicals to provide proper yet sufficient protection to plants, production of more than 200 chemicals carried out during the middle of 1940. These chemicals have proved to be useful to deal with weeds, insects, rodents and similar other types of organisms considered as pests soled under different brand names. Farmers and cultivators apply such chemicals to flourish farms, gardens, homes and forests in the form of dusts, sprays and aerosols to inhibit the growth of several unwanted insects irrespective of their environmental benefits (Carson, 2002).
Experts including Carson have also overviewed about the results obtained by individuals after using spraying techniques, which coated various plants in significant manner by the help of a film of various deadly chemical constituents. She also has given emphasize on the release of DDT (Dichloro Diphenyl Trichloro Ethane) to use by civilians and adequate nuclear war to create awareness about various hazards associated with possibly extinct human beings. Application of DDT as an efficient tool to deal with malaria had proved to be beneficial, as human beings may spray it over large numbers of mosquitoes breeding grounds. With consistent advancements and passage of time, application of DDT subsided as living standards increased significantly after the end of Second World War, which further enhanced the perception about sanitation by simply providing of window screens in the form of collateral benefits.
Environmental Health And Hazards
Dependency of each organism may be observed from the actual environment, where it lives to attain energy and necessary factors, which further provides sustainability towards life. This will include clean air, portable and safe water, nutritious and hygienic food, secured place to live. Improved life quality and increase in longevity for large numbers of human beings in the history was because of the easy access to various basic requirements of life. With different types of advancements in sanitation, agricultural techniques, hygiene and water treatment, health of human beings has influenced to a huge extent rather than simple medical technology.
Sustainability towards life of human beings may be facilitated from the environment, which may also results in exacerbation of severe diseased conditions. Scarcity of valuable resources and limited basic requirements are vital reasons, which lead to mortality of human beings. Usage of unsafe drinking water leads to death of people based on prevalence of stomach disorders, including diarrhea. Lack of portable water accessibility may also results in schistostomiasis, which cause damages to valuable organs of human body by causing the problem of malnutrition. Along with this, environmental hazards contribute to a huge extent by increasing the risk related to various life threatening conditions, which will include asthma, heart problems and cancer (Gerking, Dickie, & Veronesi, 2014). Nature of every type of hazard mentioned here is of physical type and has the involvement of pollutants and food contaminants. Even these hazards may of social type, like dangerous work conditions, poverty and limited access to basic requirements and necessary resources, which later on affect the actual quality of human life. Activities leading to promotion of human being health and extension of man’s life incorporates adverse outcomes affecting the entire environment. Examples in this category will include food production that causes environmental damage based on the usage of fertilizers and pesticides, domestic animals, salinization of soils, increased waster production of domestic animals, manufacturing of food items, transportation methods leading to overfishing and emissions of carbon products. Environment may even suffer stresses because of overpopulation that may be because of the reduction in mortality rate due to prevalence of diseases and starvation procedures. This also leads to increase in utilization of fossil fuels, clearing of lands, generating pollution and wastes (Gavrilescu, Demnerova, Aamand, Agathos, & Fava, 2014).
Risks And Beneifts Management
Management of various issues, which give benefits and participation via increasing risks is very much essential as they interconnect with both environment and health. Best example in this case is pesticides, as they involve in boosting the crops yield but their utilization also remains underpinned by many hazards, which pose negative influences on not only health of human beings, but also on the environment. Trade-offs creation in health of human beings involve usage of pesticides alternatives. However, pesticides usage should undergo proper regulation process to enhance the food production, but also to reduce various possible damages to health of human beings and the environment as a whole (Gilden, Huffling, & Sattler, 2010).
It is essential to give concern to various forces, which are of responsible to pose recession towards the environment and health requiring dissemination of awareness and guidance towards negative influence of the chemical, physical and biological health determinants. In addition, it is necessary to identify negative influences entailing about light nuisance, noise and odor, which make relationship between health and environment as complex.
Carson, R. (2002). Silent spring. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Boston
Hartig, T., Mitchell, R., De Vries, S., & Frumkin, H. (2014). Nature and health. Annual review of public health, 35, 207-228. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-publhealth-032013-182443
Gavrilescu, M., Demnerova, K., Aamand, J., Agathos, S., & Fava, F. (2014). Emerging pollutants in the environment: present and future challenges in biomonitoring, ecological risks and bioremediation. New biotechnology. nd. DOI: 10.1016/j.nbt.2014.01.001
Gerking, S., Dickie, M., & Veronesi, M. (2014). Valuation of human health: an integrated model of willingness to pay for mortality and morbidity risk reductions. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 68(1), 20-45. DOI: 10.1016/j.jeem.2013.11.010
Gilden, R. C., Huffling, K., & Sattler, B. (2010). Pesticides and health risks. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 39(1), 103-110. DOI: 10.1111/j.1552-6909.2009.01092.x